The Montessori Curriculum
The Montessori curriculum is shaped by three key concepts central to Montessori education: the tendencies shared by all humans, the planes of development and the prepared environment.
Casa Mia Montessori School aims to deliver the Montessori National Curriculum. The Montessori curriculum has been mapped to the Western Australian Curriculum. The School reports against the Western Australian outcomes each semester.
In the Montessori view all humans share a set of innate tendencies that operate throughout life, guiding both human development and human behaviour. These include the drive shared by all humans to explore and investigate the environment and the need humans have to orient themselves to the environment in an ordered way.
Dr Montessori outlines four consecutive planes of development from birth to maturity; each plane spanning approximately six years. At each plane of development children and young people display intellectual powers, social orientations and creative potential unique to that stage.
Montessori learning environments are prepared to enable infants, children and young people to learn through their own activity. As much freedom and independence as possible is given for their age and stage, in other words a level of freedom matched to their ability to regulate and discipline themselves.
Montessori teachers develop warm and supportive relationships with children, marked by respect for the children’s abilities and individual developmental needs. While children in the Montessori environment are not given unfettered freedom, they are free to choose their own work.
The preparation of each Montessori environment includes the careful preparation of the Montessori developmental materials appropriate to that environment. The Montessori materials are sets of objects, each set designed to exacting specifications.
The principles that underpin Montessori pedagogy have emerged from observing children’s activity and monitoring teaching practice in Montessori learning environments in many parts of the world for more than a century. In other words, the theory has emerged from many decades of practice.
The Montessori curriculum is organised in a developmental sequence from one phase of learning to the next. Individual students, however, are able to work successfully through elements of the curriculum in a sequence unique to themselves.
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